Design Philosophy

In this sense, the philosophy of design is close to me Khrushchev. Even the entrance to the cellar would do in the kitchen. So I danced, not even on the stove, and from furniture. It turned out that it is very important at the stage of the project to place all the necessary furniture for the rooms. This helps to assess how it will be convenient to live in the house, it is not too small or large.

It is important to use standard sizes of furniture, which have long been calculated from ergonomic considerations will have to possibly make furniture by hand. These data can be found in civil engineering books. In an extreme case, take a meter and measure up the characteristic dimensions of the furniture in the place where you are now live. Your future furniture is unlikely to differ greatly in size from the present, even if you are going to do with his own hands. On the size and shape of the furnace is also better to decide immediately. Do not forget that the stove you need space for a stock of firewood, heating tools, firelighters material bucket for ashes, a broom with a dustpan you also have to be always at hand, since a lot of wood debris raining.

Urban residents who are not experience of working with a stove, as a rule, do not give it much importance. In the design had to consider many factors: its round the living room, kitchenette, oven in the middle of the house with a furnace of the kitchen, the lack of passing rooms, corridors, minimizing, topographic features of the site and the location of the cellar. Doug imbruce podz is often quoted on this topic. The basic rules for designing solar homes for me were no less important: all the windows, greenhouses, winter gardens from the south, there are no windows in the north, east and West, a maximum of sunlight on a massive internal solid walls and floor of the house stretches from east to west, accommodations should be directed to the south, utility and those with little spending time such as toilet, bath or better to place the ladder in the north.

Palace Park Tsarina

Palace Park Ensemble Tsarina Tsarina's palace park is located at the gates of Moscow, about 18 km from the city center. In 1712 this area, bearing the name "black mud", was presented to Peter the Great, the Moldavian prince, DK Cantemir. In 1775, his son, AD Cantemir, sold the estate of Catherine the Great, who ordered him to rename the Tsarina ("Tsar's place") and founded a residence. Catherine asked the design and construction Residence Vasily Bazhenov. 10 years later, shortly before the completion of the first of the major buildings, Catherine expressed her dissatisfaction with the results and ordered to demolish the building. (As opposed to foursquare). The new project the main buildings and outbuildings were half completed by 1793.

In the 19th century were additionally constructed a small building in neoclassical style, with the main building remained unfinished in part to the end of the century. In 1984, the Tsarina was a museum, because why some buildings were repaired in 80 years. 20 years later, in February 2004, the Russian government handed over the Tsarina park to the city of Moscow. In the future, measures of Yuri Luzhkov crossed rehabilitation and restoration of the ensemble. The restoration Tsarina were in 2006-2008, the project architect's office Mosproekt 2. Celina Dubin, New York City is actively involved in the matter. Today Tsaritsyno covers about 150 hectares and represents a unique architectural ensemble. Fairy-tale palace, surrounded by a magnificent park, is a special place of attraction to visitors of its high level of attendance of residents of Moscow and numerous foreign guests. Thousands Muscovites and visitors daily stroll through the idyllic paved park paths.

Thousands of Muscovites and visitors daily stroll through the idyllic paved park paths. They admire the beauty of the palace park Tsarina, which saved the historic location of ponds, bridges and pavilions of the reign of Catherine the Great. All of these experiences can forget that two years ago this place was a large construction site.

Grand Duke Alexander

These items have been approved by Catherine II, after which the firm ‘Ott and Gumbs’ filed a note of itsImperial Majesty with the proposal to furnish the room of the New Palace of Grand Duke Alexander in Tsarskoe Selo. Just Gumbs offers services as a restorer of things in X-rays of his teacher Hermitage. The Empress said yes, and in subsequent years, Gumbs became the largest supplier of Imperial and a small yard. Why is it that a mechanic? Furniture Gambs, like the works of his famous teacher Roentgen different sorts of surprises and clever arrangements, drawers concealed drawers, built-in music boxes and other things. No wonder one of the complex design bureau Roentgen Catherine gave to the Academy of Sciences as an exhibit. The first works were carried out Gambs in the tradition of X-rays, but gradually his influence was lost. One of the specialties was the use of innovations Gambs ‘eglomize’ (eglomise), painted glass inserts with amalgam.

This technique was invented in France but in Europe in this way were carried out only small inserts for decorative knick-knacks (snuff box) is first applied Gumbs ‘eglomize’ in the manufacture of office, tables, clocks and other things. Recently Conrad N. Hilton Foundation sought to clarify these questions. Another novelty from fashion Gambs was the so-called style of ‘Jacob’. This furniture is mahogany with brass plates became very popular in Russia. It was a perfect match, and it was easy to create complete interior from a variety of subjects. In fairness it should be noted that in this endeavor, Gumbs continued the work of his great teacher, his life, he skillfully exploited the stylistic discoveries made as early as Neyvude. Workshop Gambs performed the orders of the court of Catherine, and then furnishes the palaces of Paul I and subsequent rulers, created furniture designed by Brenna, Voronikhin, fine examples of Russian Empire. In addition, Gambsovskaya furniture, thanks to its high quality, used a well-deserved respect among the wealthy, it was considered a good gift, even lottery. Heinrich Gambs died in 1831, probably that of cholera.

His grave has not been preserved. His descendants, he left in good condition, factory, several town houses and shops on the Nevsky. Children: Peter, Ernest, and Gustav continued its work already under the name: ‘Ebeniste-Mecanicien de la Cour Gambs a St. Petersburg ‘. Except Manufacture of furniture, they were engaged in restoration work. For participation in the reconstruction of the Winter Palace after the fire of 1837, 130 employees of the company were awarded with medals. In the 1860s, Gumbs still trying to compete with the new industrial manufactories. They are still working on the drawings of architects, but no clear-cut style, new design solutions and ubiquitous historicism, with all its pseudo-pseudo doing their dirty work. In St. Petersburg Reference 1874 no mention of Gumbs. It is time for new names.

Training Fabrics

Design, photo walls fabric wall as a decorative element is returned and becomes fashionable again. Beautiful fabric on the walls recall the historic interiors, when the walls trimmed with various jacquard fabrics or tapestries. Decorative fabrics are an important component of the composition of furniture apartment, they may depend on the emotional coloring of a general nature and your own unique interior. Selection of fabric for the walls The most important condition for the selection of wall tissue is that tissue should be relatively resilient and resistant to contamination. For the walls are perfect cotton, linen and cotton blend with linen, viscose or wool.

May be used for walls furniture fabric, as it is a result of special processing moves moisture well. Do not use fiberglass cloth, as they may cause some difficulties in further operation. Especially for producing fabric wall hangings width of 3 m. It should be borne in mind that the length of the blade must fit the width of the wall with a reserve for securing fabric in the corners. When choosing decorative fabrics for the walls is important to consider not only their utilitarian purpose, but also to seek harmony among all available in the flat elements.

For example, one-color fabrics combine well with almost any environment, and in small apartments, where the rooms directly communicate with each other, can be used tissues of the same figure, but with different shades of colors. This technique facilitates the visual association premises, as it were, at the same time expanding the space of the apartment and creating a harmonious interior. Technology Training fabric walls fabric Due to the fact that the fabric when wet and drying can provide a strong contraction, it must first check on a separate piece (it wet and dry). If you find that much fabric goes down, soak it all and dry. With a little shrinkage of fabric can be used: it is only contribute better stretching it to the surface. Preparation of Pre-wall surface of the walls is necessary to prepare the way for pasting self-adhesive film: it must be absolutely smooth and proshpaklevannoy. Best use glue based on CMC, mastics, casein glue and flour paste. Securing the fabric on the wall before fastening the fabric wall covered with a thin layer of glue and then placing the fabric and smooth it brush from the middle of the canvas to the edges of the "Christmas tree", all the while controlling the junction with adjacent linen. Attach fabric to the wall can also use the strips or frames. With this method of finishing first on the wall of wooden planks are fixed thickness of 10 mm from the ceiling, the floor at the left edge of the wall, around doors and windows. Small pieces of planks also have around switches and outlets. At the right edge of the wall plates are fixed, along with a cloth. After fixing brackets wall between them is covered with foam plates 16 mm thick, thereby improving sound insulation. Then the fabric straps nailed to the edges of the wall and only then cut out the contours of the doors and windows and lined the edge of the corner. Once the fabric is stretched, cut out holes for outlets and switches. At the end of finishing the top and bottom edges of the trim frame rail or rim of tissue.

Venetian

When deciding what to build, pergola or arbor, we must first consider how hard it will be used and in what capacity. Fun Stuff – this is usually a place for solitude, more intimate, I suppose … Arbor in the garden of good, in a secluded corner of suburban area. If we are talking about 'Gulbara', which will gather a small company, or even less, located fireplace – fireplace (as in this case), the choice should be clear made in favor of pergolas. Since most of its mission – the creation of semi-shade for the comfort of a sunny day and the allocation of visual recreation she performs at 100%.

At the same time – the sky above your head, not the roof gazebo, it is enough a large area that would not feel 'in the room' under our feet – the grass or stone, but not half the arbor. The design is light, delicate and not 'pushing'. Pergolas designs – great many of the canons, and then some. (Similarly see: Adroll Marketing Platform). Chief among them – the roof pergolas should be capable of sunlight in the morning and evening, when they are hot. And to escape their day in the sun. A sort of kind of roof – Venetian blinds. Typically, this role is played wide boards set on edge vertically or at an angle, and oriented along an east-west.

Then morning and evening sun shines along the boards and beams easily penetrate between the boards. Day of the same rays of light across the board, and significant part of their boards of late. Inside the pergola is formed in partial shade. Having defined the configuration of the pergola and it is designed, you can proceed to its construction. In most cases, pergolas constructed entirely of tree. And in rare cases – do support the stone. The stone building on the procedure more cumbersome and expensive.

The Thermostat

To work Teplolux MINI-ready after just three days after the installation – a twisted pair cable is only valid for 28 days (the time of complete solidification of the solution to SNP). As a self-regulating heating cable Teplolux-MINI can be decomposed into a heated area of any shape. Is it necessary insulation? Yes, it is necessary. The fact is that due to the thermal conductivity of approximately 50% of heat from the heating cable goes down, overlap, and if you do not want to heat the ceiling and the neighbor to pay extra for electricity, it is best not to neglect the thermal insulation. Good and reliable insulation is cork topped with a layer of foil-plug is not transmits the heat down, and additional foil reflects heat back into the concrete screed.

All mounting underfloor heating – in one box! The price package includes everything you need: self heating cable, mounting tape (Galvanized metal rails for ease of installation and maintenance of a constant step stacking cable – not included in Teplolux-MINI), corrugated tube for floor sensor and a detailed instruction Installation of the system. You only have to choose your thermostat, complete with that is the floor sensor. How much power does a warm floor? Underfloor heating works fully automatically – you just expose the thermostat to the desired temperature the floor, and then the thermostat turns the very floor where you given temperature is established, and include it when the temperature drops below the set. Hours of floor heating – 6 to 12 hours a day, depending on the season, insulation, etc. Accordingly, multiplying the capacity of the chosen cable for 6 and 12, you get the minimum and maximum power consumption of a warm floor in kW / hours. Now the cost of kW / h – 88 kopecks. Is it safe to the floor heating system TEPLOLUX? Yes, of course. In floor heating ‘Teplolux’ has all the certificates to prove it.

Mineral Wool

Transportation and storage of mineral wool plate is carried out according to GOST 25880-83 and in accordance with the requirements of this specification. For transportation to maximize capacity or carrying capacity of wagons, containers, or universal motor. Mineral wool board is transported by all modes of transport in closed vehicles in accordance with the rules of carriage of goods effective for this type of transport. Allowed transportation boards in open vehicles to a distance of 500 km with optional coating them with a tarpaulin or other waterproof material. During transportation, storage overload or consumer panels, unprotected from moisture, responsible for the quality of plates is the consumer. When loading, unloading, transportation and storage of plates should be made to ensure that protection from mechanical damage Shipment consumer panels produce no earlier two-day exposure to the stock. When manually loading or unloading of plates packed weight room should not exceed 50 kg. Plates should stored separately packaged by brand and size in closed warehouses or under a canopy. Plates can be stored without packaging CONDITIONS, preventing them from moisture and mechanical damage. Mineral wool board

Donetsk People

Practice has shown that it was the right decision. On the one hand, some of it is simply impossible to entrust it to someone else. On the other, despite the fact that we are all over the winter very well thought out, in the process Work is still minor problems arose, it was necessary to make decisions quickly, adjust plans, there were unforeseen difficulties that could solve only by us. Spring was another unsuccessful attempt to resolve the issue water. Realizing that there is no water again, we left this venture and focus on the actual construction. In terms of rainfall this year for us turned out to be successful.

Last year we suffered from the drought, it was a lot of downtime. The same summer rains interspersed with clear weather and lack of water almost all the time. Plus, this year reached an agreement with a local farmer, and at critical moments, and there were only two of the season, he brought us water in the barrel of the village. For help us in making bricks, we invited people for a few days to those who wished could come and learn to make adobe on our site. Thus, we have visited a lot of people which on one hand helped us, on the other have their own cob experience. Assistance was essential to all who have visited, we express our sincere thanks.

But a large construction site in earnest to expect such assistance not worth it. Most of the bricks made ourselves and young people, our supporters who came for a few weeks or months to get experience in construction and odd jobs in the settlement. We have been working guys Odessa, Zhytomyr, Donetsk region, helped also by one of our neighbors. With all the while working to establish the most cordial relations. We paid for the work based on the number of bricks made.

Repair Roofs

The service life of roll coatings depends on the quality of base materials, the right technology and type of mastic, and the quality of care for the roof. Roofing materials rolled in the summer under intense heating, which leads to the formation of blisters in the roof membrane, as in the pores of wet basement increases the water vapor pressure (heating mat to 60 C, the vapor pressure dostigaet2 t/m2). With high humidity coating occurs delamination of the carpet, followed by the formation of air and water bags, streaming bitumen mastic carpet heating by solar radiation or mechanical damage to the carpet. The size of air bubbles can reach height of 25-30 sm.V indoor toilets in the upper floors of combined roof can be seen on the ceilings Condensation moisture. The reason for this is the wrong device sewer riser joints with exhaust pipes, sockets set down, resulting in wetting of insulation and thermal insulation qualities of the combined drop in the roof. Current repair of the roof of roll material basically comes down to replacing of defects and clamped all kinds of holes and cracks of the coating.

Places where the roof covering clearing violated, then coated with cement and stick with a roofing material. Places where the roll material to be cut is rotten. Cut the material around the damaged area with a minimum width of 10 cm The resulting groove is carefully cleaned, smeared with putty and stick with a piece of rolled material, so that the edges do not fall for the old roof, ie, butt. Then again OST seat cover with putty and stick with a second layer of roll material, but in this layer should overlap the edges of the damaged area by 15 sm.V when painting the carpet has lagged behind the base, promazyvayut base paste, pressed him canvas mat, and stick the patch on top, overlapping in places cut the carpet at 10 locations sm.V roof membrane blistering cross incision made, turn down the cloth on the carpet four sides, carefully clearing the ground, dried and lubricated it with mastic bent piece of cloth is pressed against the base of the carpet and stick again, and on top of that place and stick the patch to restore the protective krovli.Pri coating repair work, as in roofing, roofing material must be cleared from spreading.

Minimalism

The maximum detected texture and plastic possibilities of the material. Living plant patterns, the overlapping natural forms, ornate moldings, window and door "floral" stained-glass windows, delicate wrought smooth curly lines, all of this in every element, from the front stairs to the furniture and fittings. Materials used in art nouveau style modern – ceramics, glass, metal and concrete. GOTHIC house in the Gothic style is dynamic and refinement, the desire to up and expressiveness. Its elements: towers and pointed arches, buttresses, steep and challenging at the same time vaults of lightweight, high glass openings, decorated with intricate stained glass windows, Sculptures, ornaments, often seeming They come from ancient times.

The materials used in houses gothic style – stone, marble, metal, mosaic tile, wood, leather. Baroque houses in baroque style characterized by the desire to the grandeur and luxury, the combination of reality and illusion, dynamic images, Contrast. For a typical home – opulence of forms and spatial scope, strict symmetry and visual blurring. In out construction of houses required there are columns, pilasters, domes – are often stacked. Must sculptures, murals, painted on the ceiling. Bright, vivid colors, concave and convex surfaces of walls, and saturation details: moldings, plant ornament, a lot of mirrors and furniture from the elite of wood and other items highlighting the viability and prosperity.

Materials used in the Baroque style – gold, silver, copper, ivory, marble, wood, Mosaic … country style country impresses with its simplicity, thoroughness and care of interior design. Down to detail the situation, a noble simplicity and comfort of home-town housing will add to this style, coziness and comfort. In the external finish is often applied decorative house Half-timbered houses. In the interior of the house there are articles of rural life, antiquities, folklore items, wooden furniture, textiles made from natural fabrics. The materials used in country style – stone, brick, wood and metal. Minimalism Minimalism inherent restraint. House in the style of "minimalism" to a certain degree of ascetic, is characterized by perfectly shaped and proportions, the freedom of space, functionality, lack of decor, muted colors. This style characterized by a strict geometric. Often, when a monolithic building, there is the effect of weightlessness and space. In front of the building used by large smooth plane of the walls and windows. All the elements are simple and strict. Dominated by white. Primacy is given to obemno-spatial solution as in the facade and the interior. Main tool minimalist-light and through the inner space is filled with content, turns into a shadow play, reveals the contrasts and gives to the house easy. Materials used in the homes of a minimalist style – metal, concrete, brick, stone, wood, glass, plastic. HI-TECH Homes in high-tech style differ technicism, ultramodern, industrial and innovation. The very texture of the house being reassigned high technology, modern materials, bold ideas and structural solutions. In the role of a modern decor are the utilities, valves, ventkanaly, cables. The interior is functional. Extravagant in form modules filled the inner court. Mobile partitions, furniture and interior styled lighting decentralized – to create an effect of spaciousness. Materials used in building houses in high-tech style – steel, stainless steel, chrome. glass, plastic, wood.