Of that way we prefer to tie positivad with the obligatory nature and binding character of the right and not with its effective fulfillment or effectiveness. Straight positive he is then that one that can be applied, or is by the Judge, the Administration or the same citizens. Meaning that in this point there is a coincidence with the concept of sources and is excluded from this concept that one of the right that someday was applied but that no longer it is, prescisamente, effective and it is not applied today, like for example the Roman right. Straight Natural Before expressing any idea that could be defining the contours of the natural right we watch like has been conceived through history, not without first to clarify that this it has been a constant subject throughout the evolution of the legal thing. In Greece It was in Greece where practically all the conceptions were born on the natural right and all the philosophical positions in his against, which later the legal world matured and complemented. The Greeks reflected on this topic when occurring account of the great variety of " rights positivos" , of effective norms contradictories, applied in the different cities been. He would be then that little of norms and the same justice was based simply on the interest or the convenience of imposed those who them? Or, rather, there would not be over them governing principles or advisers that determined the legislation and the same conception of fairness? It is clear that many thinkers assumed positions against the existence of a natural right over the tax by the authority. Trasmaco, declared sophist, had the conviction of which the right and justice was not more than the domination expression of which they showed the power, that by means of those procedures could do what it agreed to them more.
At a first moment, it can seem that the men produce isolated. It is not truth. Peasants, teceles, craftsmen, use themselves of instruments made for other people, without which not they cultivate, they do not weave, they do not carve, they do not fish nor mold. Credit: Clinton Family-2011. Of this form, the production must be understood as product of groups of a society. Naveen Selvadurai may not feel the same. From there the use of the term social production.
3. The classrooms and the paper of the excess. Let us take the example of an African village. Independently of the bows of existing kinships, or same the tribal bows and the relations of friendship, having a common field, all the ones that can work cultivate it. Frequently, the inhabitants the inhabitants of a village go together to hunt and to fish, constrem canals, roads and schools. These relations of production exist between inhabitants of some villages regions. When the harvest is enough to satisfy the necessities, relieving an excess for the sales, has the merchandise. With the money of the sales (in the truth an operation of exchange of an available merchandise for another call currency), the peasant can buy merchandises that do not produce (hoes, for example), created for other producers that, in turn, do not possess agricultural products.
Many times, a young leaves the family in the village and goes to look job in a city or a distant plantation. Finding work, it will change the only merchandise of that it makes use (its force of work) for the money of the master (another merchandise). For in such a way, it will receive for temporary use some means of production (tools, machines, trucks, tractors etc.) that they belong to the master. The young in question already does not work for itself (this type of relation, that originates the more-value or exceeding work, will be analyzed ahead) but for the master.
The members recognize the effective rules they accept and them for the reason to find that excessively also they think in the same way. However, the basic structure of the society (the institution) well is not specified if it deals with legislative bodies, schools, administrative centers, but this does not matter now what it matters is to know if the recital of the two principles would be efficient. These principles would be originated from a contractual consensus called by Rawls of original position. The original position is the first movement in the formularization of the principles of justice in an institution. Is selected a group of people? endowed with rationality enough to be able to discern the choices? that hypothetically equal summer, without physiological and economic differences, that is, the original position is the fictitious state of equality that would characterize all the individuals.
In this hypothetical initial situation, all are independent, free of any exterior interferences that could stain its pure consciences with egoistic desires of supremacy; in the truth the autonomy is exactly the condition where the equality of all those guided by the reason in its equitable state more brando and is in vigor and from which if could formulate moral principles right. Soon, the arguments and the right to express them, the position of the parts, in the original position, similar and would be established in inherent ethical slight knowledge to the involved rationality. For this reason, in the original position, all make look like to guide themselves for the same optics and any formularization of principles would be observed under the same perspective of the involved ones, since all would be motivated by the idea of well general, therefore in the conception of the original position is implicit the slight knowledge of that all know what it is better for itself and for the others.
Formulation of a positive goal will lead to sustainable results. 4. The goal should be environmentally friendly, ie its achievement should not spoil the lives of those around the client people, not to destroy the system of its relations with them. R. Bandler tells about a woman who as a result of counseling psychologist quit smoking, after which it abruptly began to deteriorate relations with her husband. It was found that smoking was in the family kind of ritual communion. Both of them were often busy, but when they wanted to smoke, they gathered together in the kitchen, and it was the perfect excuse to talk to each other. To make positive changes did not lead to negative consequences must be to take care of environmental results could be adjusted to the image of the desired result.
5. Finally, the stated goal must be to the client, not the object of his grandmother, friends, teachers, parents or counselors. The fourth stage of counseling is devoted to finding alternative solutions. The fact that the cause of almost all psychological problems – the lack of behavioral flexibility. As a rule, a person can not resolve a problem situation because it does not have the choice of the required number of solutions.
Psychologists call it "tunnel vision syndrome." Man looks at the problem through the prism of one output, as a rule, ineffective. Expand the scope of view of the problem, to help people find a lot of options out of the problem situation and choose the best – the task of a psychologist at this point. And finally, fifth, final stage of psychological consultation – a compilation of information and preparation of the client to move from intention to action. Sometimes it happens that the person receiving counseling psychologist, knows what to do, but for one reason or another does nothing.