At a median strip Tulips grow best in well-lit, lined, dry sites that are protected from the strong and cold winds. In shaded areas the plants are drawn, lost smartness and onions rapidly shrinking. Ground water must not come closer to the surface 60-70 cm of soil. Where stagnant water, bulbs get wet through, easily exposed to diseases and winter can vymerznut. Most favorable for tulip light sandy soils rich in organic matter, neutral or weakly alkaline (pH 7-7,5), the depth of fertile soil layer must be at least 40-45cm.
Clayey soils improves the introduction of a major river sand and organic compounds. Recommended planting tulips to return to its former place in 5-6 years. Where there is no possibility of changing areas should be thoroughly prevention of soil pathogens against fungal diseases and pests. Preparing the ground for 1,5-2 months before planting bulbs plot plowed to a depth of 35-40cm and is made of organic and mineral fertilizers: well decomposed humus (up to 5kg/m2), superphosphate (50-100g/m2) nitroammofos or npk (40-60g/m2), granulated chicken manure (200g/m2), ash (200g/m2), bone meal (200g/m2). Doses of basic fertilizer and subsequent feedings be determined in accordance with the data of soil analysis.
Phosphate and potash fertilizers contribute in the preparation of the soil, and nitrogen – at the time of planting bulbs. Acid soils lime. The main fertilizer into the soil making burnt dolomite flour (200-300g/m2). The introduction of fresh manure into the soil is only valid for 3-4 years before planting tulips. By the time of planting all the organic residues in soil should be completely decomposed, otherwise they will cause decay of the root system of plants. They send them planting tulips in autumn so as to bulbs are well rooted before the onset of cold weather. The most rapid rooting bulbs (2-3 weeks) is when soil temperatures 5-7 C and adequate soil moisture. In the middle zone of the optimum time from 15 September to 5 October, with early planting when soil temperatures are higher, bulbs take root slowly, often affects the disease. If during the landing ground is dry, watering is needed. Before you start planting should outline a plan placement classes. Initially, early varieties are planted, then the middle and late. Planting bulbs for parsing, ie major and minor separately. This facilitates further care, and the plants do not oppress one another. Initially planted fines. There are several ways of planting tulips. In large farms use mechanized landing in furrows or trenches. At the collection sites convenient to plant tulips in the furrows of width 1,0-1,2 m The bulbs have a transverse rows spaced at 20cm, or ribbons along the ridges. Onions gently press in the loose earth at the bottom of the furrow, but not screwed, otherwise you may damage the root bead, which at the time landing swells. Used another way of planting tulip bulbs. With the entire area of the site remove the top layer of the earth. The bulbs are laid out in a certain order on the filler surface, then fall asleep previously removed soil. So can be planted, such as ridges, beds, and the bulbs are laid out on a certain figure.