Willingness to work for plastering the front and quality requirements for the surfaces to be plastering General requirements and requirements necessary construction readiness Front for plastering inside the building requirements by the surfaces to be plastering, as well as additional requirements in the manufacture of plastering work in the winter are on. Prior to the stucco surface, designed for plastering, should be verified. The tolerances, quality indicators surfaces to be plastering, are given in Table. Plastering work shall be permitted only after a time, precluding the possibility of damage due to precipitation of plaster construction, namely: – The walls and pillars, made of inlaid material in cement mortar, masonry trowel on the end of the floor, and folded on lime and complex solutions – for the construction of the next floor – one-story walls and upper floors of tall buildings are allowed to grout after their erection irrespective of the type used solution – Wood (bruschatye) walls can be re-grout only after their and not earlier than 1 year after the erection of a building – wood frame and panel walls, assembled from standard parts and dry mounted on a rigid base, grout is allowed after the end of the assembly building. In carrying out plastering work is necessary to carry out processes in this sequence: – Preparation surfaces for plastering; – installation of lighthouses where necessary – manual or mechanical application of the solution – leveling layers gallop – pulling rods and cutting corners – and grout surfaces, trimming slopes and zaglushin. .
Going to insert a plastic box? It's time to learn how to choose the right window, so you do not feel sorry about the wind money and nekachesvennoy purchase. The first thing you should know. that the plastic window usluovno called, they are actually metal and plastic that is inside every box is reinforced with metal to give the window the necessary static and stiffness in order to avoid various biases and sagging. Reinforcement plastic window should ideally produce pipes of solid section, which provides the necessary statistical characteristics. However, it happens that in the pursuit of savings, some manufacturers are reinforced with metal box n-shaped cross section, which further greatly affects the quality of the window. And does the absence of reinforcement negates all your good thoughts of warmth and comfort in the house. So, the continuous reinforcement – is the foundation of your happiness.
Second, it supplies. It is necessary to seriously come to the fittings in the choice of plastic windows. Its function – is to ensure a tight seal doors, ease of use and durability. Usually made of metal fittings and pay attention to the perimeter of the frame elements of the fittings have met at least 3 times that provide the most dense closing the window. Now you can find many sellers of plastic windows, but among other leader in sales of plastic Windows is a company add, which makes plastic windows by German technology. As the saying goes – German quality at home!
In this case, it is necessary to complete flooring sanding and then applying a new varnish. PRE-PRE-oil and wax oil and wax, general information oiled parquet floor has a much more natural look than hardwood flooring, varnished. The oil penetrates the wood, beautifully emphasizing its texture. Financial technology spoke with conviction. Oil and wax composition may be applied to the surface of the floorboard without special equipment. Application process is quite simple and fast, which in itself is a significant advantage of this type of protective coating. There are several types of coatings for wood floors on the basis of oils and waxes: wooden floor covering oil, coating the wooden floor wax, covering the wooden floor-wax oil composition; PRE-OIL, caused in this case, the ready-made cover (nastelenny parquet floor or batten) is applied to canvas. Oil is recommended to apply spatula! Do not hesitate, usually oil is a viscous, but very fluid and liquid has the consistency like a motor or sunflower oil. Infliction trowel is recommended.
In fact, you just spill some oil on the floor and overclocking it with a thin layer with a spatula. You can use a cotton cloth. Oil applied thinly. About 20 minutes applied a second coat. No need to prevent the formation of puddles. Excess oil removed the cotton cloth. After that, the oil yield to soak into the wood and harden for about 10 hours, but it is recommended to sustain at least half 24 hours without load. Oil is always applied at least two layers.
Plank hardwood floors of inlaid parquet staves width of 35-90 mm, thickness 12-20 mm, length 150-500 mm; inlaid or mosaic parquet, parquet and boards. Parquet (riveting) are made of oak, beech, maple, ash and other solid wood. Rivets are fixed to the base directly on the site or the boards at the factory. Inlaid mosaic parquet comes to the site pasted face down on paper, which after laying parquet floor at the base removed. Parquet boards and panels have two layers: the bottom – of a thickness of 25-27 mm strips, glued together, and the upper – of parquet planks 6-8 mm thick, glued with water resistant adhesive to the base. Along the lateral edges parquet make tongue and groove, and the front side of the planed and sanded.
Parquet panels produced with a side of the square of 400-600 mm, and the parquet boards are of length 1200, 1800 and 3000 mm, width 140-150 mm. The ground under the piece, inlaid and mosaic parquet flooring can serve as a plank of softwood a thickness of 35-40 mm or concrete, cement, sand and asphalt tie, and a parquet boards, wood joists. Before laying your flooring carefully examine substrate moisture content, cleanse it from dust and cover the bituminous primer (solution of bitumen in gasoline or kerosene in a ratio of 1:3). Hardwood dowel sorted by color and thickness. One of the important conditions that determine the quality of the parquet, is humidity parquet parquet boards and staves, which should be within 6-10%. During the work on the parquet flooring humidity in the room should not exceed 60%. From the parquet can spread a variety of designs, it placed with a frieze without him. Inlaid parquet floors of parquet flooring in the not adjusted to the walls and partitions up to 15 mm.
Parquet plank begin with a number of lighthouse, which we carefully placed on the cord. Cold bitumen mastic is spread on the basis of Primary coated, using a serrated paddle. The width of the bands of mastic around 60 cm thick layer should not exceed 1 mm. Mastic is placed on a riveting, squeezing out part of mastic in stitches, unite them with a hammer, which hit the wooden staves through a special gasket. Parquet directly on both sides of the lighthouse series while watching the tight junctions and planks to each other. Inlaid parquet plank cards, harvested at the factory, order the same labels. Parquet panels are placed on a pre-packed sleepers, to which they are attached with screws. Tighten the screws into the prepared hole – deeper into billboards. Then, these deepening obscure putty-colored parquet. Parquet boards often overlapping plank on buildings, combined in a tongue and groove and nailed to the sleepers. Parquet board placed perpendicular to the sleepers, are combined in a groove and firmly unite. Boards are fixed to each lag nails, a length of 60 – 70 mm. Hammer nails into the base pan bottom cheek groove on the edge of the floorboard, and seek doboynikom. Hammer nails into the front surface of the boards is prohibited. Mechanical joints of parquet boards should be placed on the joists. Finish parquet floors. After graduating from parquet flooring start its , which operates parquet-shaving machine. Before parquet redoubt of very hard rocks its surface lightly moistened with water. After redoubt parquet polished floor polishers, in which as the abrasive material use abrasive cloth with a glass spreading. Hardwood planks and boards of prefabrication not require sanding. After grinding remove dust and the perimeter of the premises nailed baseboards or fillets.
Adopted by the sequence (the stages of production) work cycle should be zero appropriately reflected in the explanatory note to the pic. For even more opinions, read materials from Peter Thiel. 4.10. Given that the adopted technology and sequence of work on the underground circuit can dramatically influence acting on the construction loads in the design documents for the construction of tall objects on the stage of documentation should include production schedules for the implementation of geotechnical construction works. Technological regulations developed by the – author of the draft high-rise buildings with the involvement of the relevant specialized organizations and includes the following topics: the main stages of production zero-cycle work, excavation and construction fencing; instructions for compaction of soil foundation, dewatering, drainage and other works in the pit, the requirements for the device structures used piles' wall ground ', ground anchors and other special technologies, the requirements for the implementation of experimental and test work, design test beds, etc. 4.11. Device bases, foundations and underground parts of tall buildings should be carried out in strict accordance with the spr. spr zero cycle developed by the contractor with involvement in the need for appropriate design of specialized organizations on the basis of approved project high-rise buildings, pic, technological regulations for works of the zero-cycle of materials engineering and geological survey and other source documents. As part of bpd should be developed: stroygenplany for certain types of work; stages of production work (based on the guidance of production schedules), timetable and the reciprocal construction machinery in the performance of certain types of work; construction formwork attachment points fencing of excavation and concreting blocks, rigging and special devices to perform certain types of work, safety measures, technological maps certain types of works. .
Today, the construction of wooden houses is gaining momentum. Keep up on the field with thought-provoking pieces from Peter Thiel. This is due to the tendency of people to the natural environment and the desire to use high-quality and environmentally friendly materials. The house is built not on 10 and not even for 20 years. Conceiving the construction of the house, everyone takes care not only about the beautiful appearance of the future homes, but also about its reliability. Indeed, many want to see the house has served more than one generation, and construction was excellent investment. The most popular material for construction is now glued laminated wood, which appeared more than 30 years ago and for a short period of time has gained popularity, both in Europe and in Russia.
Glued laminated timber is manufactured by special technology that allows a building material having a low percentage of humidity (about 9-11). Glued laminated timber is not exposed to deformation and, hence, a house built from laminated timber, do not lose time from their original form. In addition, laminated veneer lumber will not crack, which guarantees the reliability of future walls. Glued laminated timber has all the advantages inherent in solid wood: it creates a special Energy and climate in the home, provides a constant exchange of air in the room supports the optimal level of humidity that makes it possible not to resort to the use of special technical equipment to create microclimate. The wall thickness of beam is comparable to the half meter of brick masonry. This suggests that the house of laminated veneer lumber will have increased heat and sound insulation. In this laminated board does not have the drawbacks inherent massive whole logs. Glued laminated timber is dried thoroughly and place a special process that makes it resistant to fire and protects against harmful microorganisms, which are often the cause of decay and destruction of timber.
Construction of a fairly large area of activity. Building material for construction is almost a headache for every person on the planet. How, then organize everything so that the ceiling was a beautiful, safe sex, and selected high-quality linoleum? With regard to the linoleum, then that range, which offers today's market of construction materials, is quite big. Depending on your destination, linoleum is divided into: residential, commercial and semi-commercial. Household linoleum in particular is designed to cover the floors in the living room, done in different colors and is an excellent flooring and decoration of the house. Learn more about this topic with the insights from Clinton Family. Commercial linoleum represents the surface used in most cases, administrative buildings, which is a huge flow of people and therefore floor must have a high level of durability, For this reason it is produced on a somewhat different technology than other species. This vinyl due to the technology of its production, not only can long withstand heavy load on it, but also possesses excellent chemical resistance. For rooms with a large load on the floor, public and semi-commercial office buildings designed linoleum.
In the name of the linoleum is hidden area of its application. The technology of manufacture something similar to the technology of commercial linoleum: increased strength, the influence of the chemical elements and other physical factors, but is slightly different, which manifests itself in his lifetime and cost. For those structures, where daily are a huge number of people being all sorts of training, and in those rooms, where high numbers of microorganisms is best to use leveling floors. These modern coatings easy to clean, resistant to solvents, water and high loads, in addition, have excellent fire performance. Poured floors will serve for many years, paid off, and create a room is not only a reliable floor covering, but also make it extremely beautiful. Suspended ceilings – the perfect solution for repairing the ceiling. Today's companies – manufacturers of suspended ceilings provide not only quality and originality of your ceiling, but also excellent sound insulation and heat savings.
Kinds of false ceilings made today a large number. For good absorption with increased water resistance and flexibility of use Ceilings 'Armstrong', but in order to add architectural and artistic image of the interior is best to give your choice false ceiling plasterboard. Just made another rack and cluster suspended ceilings. Suspended ceilings found in most public buildings, industrial facilities and in medical diagnostic facilities. But, regardless of their variety, all the ceilings is the embodiment of your desire in life.
– Light weight (from 1,5 to 3,5 kg/m2) is 10 times less than glass and 3 times less than the acrylic. Weight polycarbonate is 16 times less than the weight of ordinary glass similar thickness, 6 times – acrylic glass. – High impact strength. In cities with strong winds, such sheets are used to cover buildings and protect them from flying objects. Polycarbonate panels possess high shockproof performance in a wide temperature range from -40 to + 120 c, exceeding the impact resistance of any kind of plastic, and in comparison with glass, this 200-fold difference. Material differs remarkable protection against hail, careless handling or deliberate damage. – Fire – slow burns and low emission of toxic gases, ignition temperature 570 degrees C, and exposed to open flame melts, forming harmless flakes. – Operating temperature range – from -40 to +120 degrees Celsius – Acoustic properties – noise reduction up to 18-22 dB.
– Resistance to chemicals – used in any aggressive environment, partially dissolves in the complex ethers. – Durability. Polycarbonate is on the outer surface layer of high-absorption of ultraviolet rays, which prevents their penetration into the leaf. Protection from uv rays prolongs the life of the material and protects against yellowing and weakening of the guaranteed service life – 10-12 years. 2.
Monolithic polycarbonate. Monolithic polycarbonate is a solid polycarbonate sheets with thickness of 4, 5, 6 mm. With it you can solve almost any problem related to veneer or glazing of building and other facilities. Monolithic polycarbonate is rarely used in the horizontal overlap (very expensive to do so), but is an ideal material for the manufacture of elements of the curvilinear shape by hot forming. The method is based on the gradual increase of temperature in a special furnace with air circulation, where the polycarbonate sheets. Then Hot Sheet is transferred to the stamp. This technology provides a constant thickness of the resulting element curved shape. Such elements have extremely high impact strength. In the process of forming these elements become the ribs, making them suitable for self-supporting floors and removes the need to use the metal frame. This is a different dome with a round, square or rectangular base, Broaching unit skylights with unlimited length, and separate sections of huge domes, reaching 8 – 10 m in diameter, which are easily transported and assembled. Monolithic polycarbonate differs from cell increased resistance characteristics and durability. Several of applicability of solid polycarbonate comprises industrial applications in architecture, construction, transport and security. Dimensions solid polycarbonate sheet: thickness – from 2 to 12 mm, width – 2050 mm Length – 100 to 13000mm. Color solid polycarbonate sheets: Clear, Bronze, Blue, Green, Yellow, Red, White, Milk, Black Leaf monolithic (solid) Polycarbonate is the strongest of all transparent materials, existing in the world market, and manufactured on an industrial scale Actual life sheet is about 15 years, with the manufacturer a 10-year quality guarantee on the sheet, subject to the rules of operation. Weight of solid polycarbonate is much less than the weight of glass similar strength, and large sizes and the possibility of cold bending significantly broaden the scope, in comparison with ordinary glass – which determines the superiority of polycarbonate glazing over silica.
Industriality Metal structures are manufactured in factories, equipped with special equipment, and Monte is done with the use of high technology. All this eliminates or reduces to a minimum manual labor. With regard to the maintainability of steel structures is most easily addressed the issue of strengthening, modernization and reconstruction. With the help of welding can be easily attached to the elements of the existing frame new technological equipment, with the need to strengthen those elements that also made strongly enough. Conservation of metal stock. Metal structures as a result of physical aging and maralnogo withdrawn from service, and then returned to the industry sector in the form scrap metal. The disadvantages of metal structures is their susceptibility to corrosion and a relatively small fire. Corrosion – destruction of metal by chemical or electrochemical action with vneyshey environment.
Steel, is not protected from contact with moisture, combined with aggressive gases, salts, dust, rust (oxidized), which leads to its gradual destruction. Aluminum and its alloys have some relatively high resistance to corrosion, due to the formation on the surface of a solid oxide film. Many alloys are not resistant to electrochemical corrosion. Good resistance to corrosion of cast iron. To improve corrosion resistance of metal on their surface coatings are applied as thin films of aluminum, zinc, enamel, paint, etc. When designing structures avoid crevices and cavities, which can accumulate moisture and dust. Sometimes using steels with improved corrosion whose composition includes special alloying elements. Fire-resistance design is characterized by the degree of fire safety.
Metal Rods have a relatively low fire resistance. At high temperatures (for steel – 600 C for aluminum alloys – 300 C) metal structure loses its bearing capacity. Increased fire resistance of steel structures of buildings, a fire hazard ratio (residential and public buildings, warehouses, flammable or highly flammable materials), is accomplished by eliminating direct contact with open designs fire. For this purpose include suspended ceilings, ognstoykie cladding, coating by special structures. Using special coatings in the form of coatings, can significantly increase the fire resistance. With proper design and operation of the respective deficiencies noted are not dangerous to perform their design functions, but also lead to an increase in initial and operating costs.
Today, people want to create the most attractive and yet unique decor. Design capabilities are growing with each passing day, why are evaluated and all the new styles and themes, even created new materials for construction, as well as completes the range of conventional materials. And still a classic thing is always the most value and luxurious, classic has the right to call what has been tried and found that most people, worthy of the classic worthy of finishing material is inspiring glass mosaic. One among the oldest of finishing materials is the connection between thin fine arts and art of building and creation of interiors is a unique glass mosaic is. Is it not surprising that today there is a possibility, to make real art in your interior? Do not just decorate your home with paintings and decorative objects furnish it, but to go less beaten path, for example, decorating the floors, furniture and walls of the magnificent glass mosaic, as it was in ancient times in the richest and most luxurious villas and palaces.
Nowadays, a unique glass mosaic inspired by the designers to create various magnificent interiors, as ancient or classical themes, and new and not beaten. Significant design features associated with an inspiring glass mosaic has explained that the color palette of beautiful glass mosaic is very diverse, and its technical properties can not but rejoice. Practical inspiring glass mosaic completely whimsical, it is heat resistant, durable, shock-proof, and generally resistant to various negative factors, besides it magnificently beautiful. As a finishing material inspiring glass mosaic is now fashionable to decorate not only at home but would look great in pools and saunas. For example, from the pool today with a unique glass mosaics can be fashionable artwork, laying out the original beautiful patterns or a real drawing or painting, they will magically sparkle under the clear blue water. Beautiful shiny pieces of luxury glass mosaic themselves dressy, and spit out of them a pattern or design is very beautiful glitters in the sun, filling the interior of a magical warmth. In the residential area of the original glass mosaic can lay the floor and walls, or afford a bright accents some parts of the apartment, which is very popular today. More amazing glass mosaics decorate the house and furniture accessories, Dellano their luxurious and original, and sometimes lets look at the familiar old objects completely different eyes. Uniquely inspiring glass mosaic has absorbed the best old traditions, and now, inspired by modern technology and a wide range, so today, preference preference elegant glass mosaics can be sure that you have not lost and that your choice will turn on the ancient and modern chic unique and elite and bright.