The intestinal flora makes a very important contribution to our health. The based of the intestinal flora bacteria fend off invading pathogens, such as viruses and bacteria and can protect from diseases. Almost everyone knows the task of the immune system, or know that the immune system and strong defenses can protect against disease. That over 70% of the immune system reside in the intestine, is known, however, fewer people. The ecosystem intestinal flora the settlement of several 100 different species of bacteria in the intestine make up the intestinal microflora. These micro-organisms are located mainly in the colon. These bacteria include, inter alia, lactic acid bacteria and coliform.
They belong to the ten percent of the intestinal flora bacteria that need oxygen and also consume them, to make the life conditions that require the 90 percent of the bacteria, which can only survive in low-oxygen environment. The resulting metabolites in turn create a favourable environment for the remaining important Intestinal bacteria. So, the intestinal flora is stabilized and kept in balance. Another task of the intestinal flora bacteria is, fatty acids to convert indigestible food remains, which then are absorbed by the intestinal mucosa and can supply your energy. The immune system of the intestine through the energy, which supplies the bacteria of the intestine, can fend off these pathogens. The dense settlement of the bacteria to the intestinal wall agents makes it almost impossible to also assess to the intestinal wall. Also, some intestinal flora bacteria can emit substances that harm harmful bacteria. The gut-own, the so-called gut associated immune system reacts reliably on a wide variety of pathogens.
Seated lymph nodes, which contain the immune system cells, lymphocytes, which although some are distributed between the intestinal cells belong to this immune system, inter alia in the intestinal mucosa. To detect harmful organisms attach themselves to antibodies on the impurities and form as a recognition signal, the also ensure that the “good” bacteria in the intestinal flora and food components are tolerated. The immune system responds to harmful impurities by it sends lymphocytes that destroy pathogens. What can damage the intestinal flora? Long-lasting stress, crash diets or poor nutrition can cause that the balance in the gut is disrupted. Just as antibiotics of the intestinal flora can be, since they destroy not only pathogenic bacteria, but also the beneficial bacteria in the intestine. The balance can be restored, you can support the intestinal flora with probiotics products. These preparations contain special Bifido – or lactic acid bacteria which reach the intestines alive in large numbers and temporarily created gaps of the strains of bacteria to the intestinal wall. Would you support the intestinal flora after a drug treatment, this should be done over a longer period, since probiotics do not permanently stay in the intestine, but again be eliminated.